Fourth Military Medical University (FMMU) is a national key military institution of higher learning for training middle-and-high level military medical workers for the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The amalgamation of the Fourth Military Medical College and the Fifth Military Medical College in 1954 brought forth the present Fourth Military Medical University in 1954. The former Fourth Military Medical College grew out of the Medical School initially set up in 1941 under the Northwest Shanxi Military Command and the former Fifth Military Medical College developed from the Medical College of the National Central University first established in 1935. FMMU was accredited in 1959 by the State Council as one of China's first batch of 20 key universities, was designated by the PLA in 1995 as one of the key military academies with prioritized support for their development and was ratified again by the State in 1997 as one of the first State "211 Project" supported universities. The University, covering an area of about 202.6 hectares, is located in Xi'an – an ancient capital of China.
FMMU is directly under the General Department of Logistics (GDL) of the PLA. The university administrative body is composed of four Divisions — the Training Division, the Political Division, the Scientific Research Division and the General Affairs Division — and one School of Graduates. Under the university are the School of Preclinical Medical Science, the School of Aerospace Medicine, the School of Biomedical Engineering, the School of Public Health and Military Preventive Medicine, the School of Pharmacy, the School of Stomatology, the School of Nursing, the School of Non-commissioned Nurses, and the Brigade of Graduates. Of the three hospitals affiliated to FMMU, the First Clinical Teaching Hospital (also known as Xijing Hospital) and the Second Clinical Teaching Hospital (also known as Tangdu Hospital) are two modern general hospitals, and the Third Clinical Teaching Hospital (also known as Stomatological Hospital) is the one and only PLA dental hospital, which enjoys a high reputation all over the country.